Background


Urban population is growing roughly by 3.27 (WB-2016) % per year and 37.2% of people now live in urban areas. The total urban population is expected to increase up to 44% by 2030.This rapid expansion has placed significant pressure on health services and facilities in urban areas. Although Bangladesh has a strong public sector primary health care network system in the rural areas, there is significant lacking of similar arrangement in the urban areas. The provision of providing health services is a constitutional responsibility of the government of Bangladesh. Ministry of health and Family welfare is the main player in health sector. The mandate for providing primary health care in urban areas is responsibility of Ministry of Local Government, Rural Development and Cooperatives within their administrative jurisdiction. Considering limitations and scopes, the Local Government Division of the Government of Bangladesh had taken initiative to provide primary health care services to the urban people through partnership among urban local bodies and Non-Government Organizations and with the financial support of Asian Development Bank. LGD with the support of ADB has been assisting ULBs in providing PHC services in urban areas from 1998 under UPHCP-I and II and UPHCSDP, which will continue to provide for the next 5 years up to 2023 under UPHCSDP–II.